is a common eye disease associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. It is one of the leading causes of legal blindness and vision impairment in older Americans.
The progression of AMD can be slow or rapid, but the deterioration of central vision generally occurs over a period of a few years.
If you experience the following, see your Eye M.D. right away:
- Straight lines appear wavy
- Difficulty seeing at a distance
- Decreased ability to distinguish colors
- Inability to see details, such as faces or words in a book
- Dark or empty spots block the center of your vision
Although the exact cause of macular degeneration is unknown, several studies have shown the following individuals may be at risk:
- People over age 50
- People with hypertension
- People that smoke
- People with a family history of AMD
For individuals with the "wet" form of macular degeneration (the rarer, but more sever form) intraocular anti-neovascular injections (Avastin, Lucentis, Macugen, and EYLEA, also known as VEGF Trap-Eye), conventional laser treatment and photodynamic therapy (PDT) treatment is used.
For the "dry" form of AMD (the most common form), studies have found that high levels of zinc and antioxidants play a key role in slowing the progression of macular degeneration in advanced cases.
Early detection and treatment is the best defense against losing your vision.
If you are at risk for macular degeneration, see your Eye M.D. for a complete eye exam at least every one to two years. If your vision has been reduced, low vision rehabilitation resources can help you maintain an excellent quality of life.